Ecstasy Abuse Treatment



Description:

drug abuse help

Ecstasy Pill
MDMA or 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methamphetamine (C11H15NO2)
is an amphetamine derivative. This synthetic chemical can be extracted
from an essential oil of the sassafrass tree. On the street, MDMA is
known as “Ecstasy”, “X”, “XTC”,
“E”, “M”, “truck driver”,
“beans” or “rolls”. It’s effects include euphoria,
an increase in emotional openness and a mild to moderate stimulant
effect.
Source: http://www.erowid.org/chemicals/mdma/mdma.shtml

Background:
Ecstasy was first patented in Germany in 1912 as a
potential appetite suppressant though it wasn’t until the 1970s that Dr.
Alexander Shulgin introduced ecstasy to those with an interest in
drug-assisted psychotherapy and medical and psychiatric journals began
to present articles on its psycho-activity. In the late 1970s and early
1980s MDMA was used as a psychotherapeutic tool and also started to
become available on the street. It gained wider popularity and at the
time it was banned by the D.E.A, in 1985, many truck drivers had begun
using it as a stimulant.
Source: Drug Experts Report a Boom in Ecstasy Use; WILLIAM K.
RASHBAUM; New York Times; 2-26-00

Usage:
Street doses of MDMA generally run from 50mg. to 150 mg. 100mg. or
1/10th of one gram is considered an average single dose.
Usually pressed into pills or loaded into placebo capsules, the primary
method of use is orally. A powder form of MDMA can also be sniffed but
this is less common. Much less frequent than sniffing is the injection
or smoking of the drug, though this does occur. There are a number of
analogs (chemically similar substances) of MDMA that are commonly sold
as ecstasy on the street. These include MDA and MDEA (known as
“Eve”). Additionally, ecstasy is notoriously unreliable in
content, much more so than most other street drugs. “Ecstasy”
pills have been known to contain caffeine, ephedrine, amphetamines, MDA,
MDEA, DXM, heroin, cocaine and often don’t contain any MDMA or any
psychoactive drug at all.
Source: www.ecstasy.org

Effects:
Mild to moderate doses of ecstasy produce a euphoric sense of
well-being and a feeling of connectedness with and empathy for other
people, an enhanced sense of pleasure and self-confidence and increased
energy. This “love effect” has become most closely associated
with ecstasy use. Its stimulant effect has made it a favorite on the
club and “rave” circuits. In overdoses or misuses though,
users can experience confusion, disorientation, anxiety, panic attacks,
depression, insomnia, perceptual disorders and hallucinations, paranoia
and psychosis.

Ecstasy has a physiological effect that is similar to amphetamine and
cocaine. As such, studies have concluded that even mild to moderate use
may cause changes in the way the brain produces and distributes neuro-transmitters
(the chemicals, like serotonin and dopamine, known to play a role in
regulating mood, memory, appetite, sleep, aggression, sexual activity
and sensitivity to pain.) leading to long-term depression and other
mental illness (depending on the definition of “mental
illness”).
Source: http://www.erowid.org/chemicals/mdma/mdma.shtml

Dependency:
Physical Dependence: Reported but unconfirmed
Psychological Dependence: Moderate
Tolerance: Moderate
Source: http://area51.upsu.plym.ac.uk/~harl/ecstasy.html

Treatment:
To the degree that it has been researched, which is only
superficially, MDMA has not been determined to be habit-forming. It
should be noted, though, that virtually any substance can be addictive,
to a greater or lesser degree, depending on the user. It is a generally
accepted notion among treatment professionals that the overall
addiction, whether physical or psychological, is the problem, not the
specific substance. Listed below are some treatment programs that may be
useful for MDMA users as well as others:


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